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In an interview on “Good Morning America,” CDC director Rochelle Walensky referenced a study of vaccinated people that found that more than 75% of COVID-19 deaths in the group occurred in individuals who had at least four other illnesses or diseases, known as comorbidities. Wallensky cited the study as evidence that vaccines were effective.
An edited clip of the interview omitted the context that the study involved only vaccinated people, leaving the false impression that the 75% statistic reflected all COVID-19 deaths and that the pandemic’s severity had been exaggerated.
Dr. Rochelle Walensky, one of the nation’s top public-health officials, shared encouraging news in a TV interview about the effectiveness of vaccines in preventing COVID-19 deaths. But social media posts and articles seized on an edited clip of the interview to falsely suggest that she was downplaying the seriousness of COVID-19.
"The CDC director just said over 75% of ‘covid deaths’ occurred in people with at least four comorbidities," reads a Facebook post from Freedom Works, a conservative and libertarian advocacy group based in Washington. "Since Biden can’t shut down covid, suddenly all this data is getting shared publicly."
Donald Trump Jr., the former president’s son, also weighed in on Twitter:
Walensky, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was referring to a new CDC study that found over 75% of deaths among vaccinated individuals involved people who had at least four comorbidities, such as another disease, risk factor or health condition. The statistic bolsters the argument that vaccines are effective against COVID-19.
The social media claims didn’t mention that the study was on vaccinated people, which gave the misleading impression that Walensky was saying that overall deaths attributed to COVID-19 were largely due to other conditions.
The posts were flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
The confusion began when ABC News initially released a shortened version of Walensky’s Jan. 7 interview. This version, which quickly spread online, showed Walensky responding to a question from White House correspondent Cecilia Vega about how the study seemed to show vaccines working to prevent severe illness.
"The overwhelming number of deaths, over 75%, occurred in people who had at least four comorbidities," Walensky said. "So really, these are people who were unwell to begin with."
The clip does include Vega mentioning encouraging news about vaccine effectiveness, but the edit cuts off the beginning of Walensky’s response, which makes clear that she was referring to a study of vaccinated people.
VEGA: "I want to ask you about those encouraging headlines that we're talking about this morning, this new study showing just how well vaccines are working to prevent severe illness. Given that, is it time to start rethinking how we're living with this virus, that it’s potentially here to stay?"
WALENSKY: "A really important study if I may just summarize it, a study of 1.2 million people who were vaccinated between December and October and demonstrated that severe disease occurred in about 0.015% of the people who receive their primary series. And death in 0.003% of those people. The overwhelming number of deaths, over 75%, occurred in people who had at least four comorbidities, so really these are people who were unwell to begin with. And yes, really encouraging news in the context of omicron. This means not only just to get your primary series, but to get your booster series. And yes, we’re really encouraged by these results."
The study involved just over 1.2 million people who completed their primary vaccination series — two shots for mRNA vaccines — from December 2020 through October 2021. It found that severe COVID-19-associated outcomes or death were rare among the group — 36 died of COVID-19. Risk factors included being over 65 years old or having a suppressed immune system. All people who experienced severe disease had at least one risk factor, the report said, and 28 of the people who died, or 78%, had at least four.
After misinformation started to spread over the weekend about Walensky’s remarks, ABC News published an extended version of the interview with a note at the end.
PolitiFact reached out to the CDC but did not hear back. ABC News declined to comment.
Websites and posts on social media claimed that Walensky said 75% of COVID-19 deaths occurred in people with at least four comorbidities.
The claims, based on an edited clip of a TV interview, misrepresent what she said.
She was referring to a study that involved vaccinated individuals only, and said over 75% of deaths in that group involved individuals who had multiple other diseases and conditions. She cited the statistic as evidence that the vaccines were effective in preventing severe disease.
We rate this False.
Facebook post, Jan. 11, 2022
Donald Trump Jr. tweet, Jan. 10, 2022
YouTube, CDC director responds to criticisms on COVID-19 guidance l GMA, Jan. 7, 2022, updated Jan. 10, 2022
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Risk Factors for Severe COVID-19 Outcomes Among Persons Aged ≥18 Years Who Completed a Primary COVID-19 Vaccination Series — 465 Health Care Facilities, United States, December 2020–October 2021, Accessed Jan. 11, 2022
Snopes, Do 75% of All Covid Deaths Involve People With 4 Comorbidities?, Jan. 10, 2022
Email interview, ABC News spokesperson, Jan. 12, 2022
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