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U.S. Rep. Bobby Scott, D-Va., recently criticized President Donald Trump for not taking the Covid-19 pandemic "seriously."
As proof, Scott cited the critical lack of test kits in the United States despite almost two months of warnings early this year before the disease hit American shores.
"If you line up all the countries that have done testing on a per capita basis, we’re at the bottom of the list," Scott said during an April 2 radio interview on the conservative John Fredericks Show based in Portsmouth.
Governors from both parties and health-care experts have complained that the lack of Covid-19 tests has hampered efforts to combat the disease. Trump has said things have picked up and the U.S. has now conducted more tests than any nation. PolitiFact has debunked a similar Trump claim, noting that the U.S. has a high population and it lags in the key comparison measurement - the number of conducted tests per capita.
But we wondered whether the U.S. really is at the bottom of nations in per capita testing, as Scott said. So we did a fact check.
Let’s start by emphasizing that global comparisons of Covid-19 testing are tenuous because nations measure it differently.
Our World in Data, a research organization funded by philanthropists Bill and Melinda Gates, collects statistics from 50 nations and notes some countries count the total number of tests performed, others report the number of people tested, others tally the number of tests that have been analyzed. The organization says for many nations, it’s unclear what method is used. The group says the varied reporting does not produce "meaningful comparisons" of nations.
The U.S. does not have a central source of statistics on testing, most of which is done by private labs. A widely-cited unofficial count comes from The Covid Tracking Project, a data set that journalists and scientists collect statistics from states and localities - which also have different ways of compiling numbers.
We asked Scott’s press office for the source of the congressman’s claim that the U.S. ranks last among testing nations. We were sent a March 12, 2020 Vox article with a chart showing the U.S. had conducted only 23 Covid-19 tests per 1 million people. That was the fewest among eight comparison nations: Japan, the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Israel, Taiwan, Italy, South Korea and the Guangdong Province of China.
Vox said it drew its statistics from a variety of sources, including the Covid Tracking Project. Even if we overlook the difficulties in comparing testing data, a huge problem remains: Scott was using March 12 figures to describe the situation on April 2 - the day of his interview.
Conditions change fast with the coronavirus. The U.S. had conducted 10,262 tests through March 12, according to Tracking Project estimates. By April 2, it was up to 1.3 million. On the day Scott made his statement, Vox put a note on its three-week-old article saying there had been " significant developments in the coronavirus pandemic since this story was last updated, and details may no longer apply."
As of April 13, the project estimated the U.S. had run 2.9 million tests.
Vox no longer ranks the U.S. last in per capita testing. On April 13, it placed the U.S. fifth among nine nations: Italy, Germany, Canada, South Korea, Netherlands, U.K., France and Taiwan.
Scott said on April 2, "If you line up all the countries that have done (Covid-19) testing on a per capita basis, we’re at the bottom of the list."
His statement was based on an early-March estimate by Vox that was outdated when Scott spoke. U.S. testing had expanded 130-fold by April 2, and has doubled again in the last two weeks. Vox now estimates the U.S. is somewhere near the middle. Other, more expansive research notes that nations differ in how they collect data, preventing "meaningful comparisons."
There’s widespread agreement the U.S. got off to a slow start on testing and, despite gains, far greater testing is still essential. But the burden falls on Scott to prove his claim that the U.S. was last per capita in early April, and his evidence doesn’t stand up.
So, we rate his statement False.
U.S. Rep. Bobby Scott, Comments on The John Fredericks Show, April 2, 2020 (21:25 mark).
The New York Times, "Trump suggests lack of testing is no longer a problem. Governors disagree," March 30, 2020.
PolitiFact, "Donald Trump’s comparison of U.S., South Korea coronavirus testing is wrong. Here’s why," March 25, 2020.
Vox, "America’s shamefully slow coronavirus testing threatens all of us," March 12, 2020.
Our World in Data, Coronavirus Disease Statistics and Research, accessed April 13, 2020.
The Covid Tracking Project, U.S. Historical Data, accessed April 14, 2020.
Vox, "How the U.S. stacks up to other countries in confirmed coronavirus cases," April 13, 2020.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Testing in the U.S. updated April 13, 2020.
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