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As a part of his plan to improve the nation’s infrastructure, U.S. Senate candidate Russ Feingold wants to get America plugged in.
Feingold, who is looking to reclaim his old seat on Capitol Hill, outlined a plan June 5, 2015 at the state Democratic Convention for improving the country’s infrastructure: roads, bridges and even broadband.
Broadband provides a high-speed Internet connection necessary for everything from streaming videos to doctors treating patients over the Web. Feingold said the United States has fallen behind and that other countries have a higher percentage of residents on broadband.
"The United States still ranks 20th in the world in access to broadband -- over 50 percent below the best nations," he said.
We decided to see for ourselves.
Do we rank 20th?
In making the claim, Feingold relied on data from the Broadband Commission for Digital Development, an advocacy group established by the United Nations and the International Telecommunication Union to promote broadband access throughout the world.
Both years, around 28 percent of residents in the United States subscribed to fixed, or wired, broadband. Fixed broadband access is an important measurement, but a country’s connectedness cannot be described using just one number.
Feingold overlooked the percentage of residents with mobile broadband subscriptions, which includes cell phones and hotspots. In this category, the United States ranks 10th.
Between 2011 and 2013, The United States' access to mobile broadband increased from 65.5 percent of residents to 92.8 percent, even though its international ranking fell from 8 to 10. At the same time, the percentage of residents who subscribe to fixed broadband remained about the same.
Is the distinction important?
Technology experts note the reliability of fixed broadband is more important to the economy than mobile broadband.
"I think that most people would agree … that for businesses and the economy, a robust fixed-broadband network is still a key indicator," Vanessa Gray, a senior analyst for the International Telecommunication Union, said in an email.
Wireless broadband does not boast the reliability or speed of fixed broadband, but mobile broadband has seen an increase in investment in recent years.
A report from the Federal Communications Commission dated Feb. 4, 2015 said, "Wireless providers in the U.S. have spent more than $134 billion in capital investments during the past five years, and incremental capital investment by wireless providers rose by more than 10 percent from 2012 to 2013 to $33.1 billion."
The same FCC report indicated America was behind in its goals to implement fixed broadband nationwide. The areas with the least access include rural areas, American Indian reservations, and some U.S. territories. Many American schools have access to broadband, but they are still behind in terms of broadband speed.
Over 50 percent lower
Feingold’s claim also noted the United States ranked "over 50 percent below the best nations."
Monaco ranks at the top of the world for fixed broadband access, with 44.7 percent of its residents having access to fixed broadband. That is 57 percent higher than the United States, where 28 percent of residents have fixed broadband access.
Singapore sits at the top of the world for mobile broadband access, with its mobile subscriptions outnumbering its population. In this tally, each device (cell phones, tablets, etc) is counted separately, so the percentage listed for Singapore is 135.1 percent of its residents. That is 46 percent higher than the United States.
So, Feingold is roughly on target with the percentage difference.
But there are some important notes about the comparison.
At two square kilometers, Monaco is the second-smallest independent state in the world. It has a population of 30,500; the country is almost entirely urban and it has the eighth highest GDP per capita in the world.
A country's connectedness is not as closely correlated with overall population as it is with urban population, Gray said. That is, it's easier to wire in 10,000 people living in a one square-mile than it is to wire in 10,000 who live in 100 square miles.
Some countries, such as Switzerland and France, are less urbanized, but have better access to fixed broadband than the United States. The vast majority of countries ahead of the United States on the list are much smaller geographically. The only exception is Canada.
"The U.S. probably does better than expected on average, once its large -- relative to other countries -- rural hinterland is taken into account," said Phillippa Biggs, a senior policy analyst for the International Telecommunication Union, in an email.
Feingold said "The United States still ranks 20th in the world in access to broadband -- over 50 percent below the best nations."
The ranking he uses is a year outdated, but the new numbers paint a somewhat worse ranking (24th instead of 20th). Though fixed broadband is preferred by some as a measure, since it can mean more for the economy, Feingold oversimplifies the issue by excluding mobile broadband access. By that measure, the United States fares considerably better, with 92.8 percent of the population subscribing.
Though he is literally correct in saying the United States is "over 50 percent below the best nations" in fixed broadband access, the countries that sit atop that list are not comparable to the United States.
We rate Feingold’s statement Half True.
Broadband Commission’s State of Broadband 2013 annual report, September 2013
Broadband Commission’s State of Broadband 2012 annual report, September 2012
Email conversation with Vanessa Gray, a senior analyst for the International Telecommunication Union, June 12, 2015
Federal Communications Commission’s 2015 Broadband Progress Report and Notice of Inquiry on Immediate Action to Accelerate Deployment, published February, 4 2015
CIA World Factbook, Monaco, June 11, 2015
CIA World Factbook, Country Comparison: GDP - Per Capita (PPP), June 2015
CIA World Factbook, Singapore, June 11, 2015
RI.gov, Facts and Figures/Land Area, June 2015
Email conversation with Phillippa Biggs, a senior policy analyst for the International Telecommunication Union, June 12, 2015.
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