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In January 2011, GE Foundation, the philanthropic organization of General Electric Co., gave Milwaukee Public Schools the largest donation it ever received: $20.4 million to improve science and math education.
Wisconsin Lt. Gov. Rebecca Kleefisch was among officials who attended an event announcing the five-year gift. She made this comment:
"We know that right now United States students are achieving at number 25 out of 29 developing countries when it comes to science and math."
Many leaders have long lamented the science and math performance of U.S. students compared with that of students in other countries.
But we wondered about Kleefisch’s 25th out of 29 comment. It was picked up in a news report by WTMJ-TV and repeated in a blog post on Jan. 26, 2011 on Kleefisch’s website, RebeccaForReal.com.
Kleefisch’s aide, Jeanne Tarantino, said the Republican lieutenant governor based her comment on talking points provided by GE, including one that was similar to what Kleefisch said: "U.S. students rank 25th out of the 29 developed nations for preparedness in math and science."
We could see how Kleefisch might have misspoken by saying "developing" rather than "developed" countries; the U.S. certainly would be in the developed category.
But even at that, does the U.S. really rank near the bottom in science and math?
GE told us the source of its talking points was a U.S. Department of Education summary of the 2009 Programme for International Student Assessment. PISA, as it is known, is a ranking of 15-year-olds based on international tests. The 2009 results were released in December 2010, about a month before the grant was announced.
Contrary to Kleefisch’s statement, PISA does not do a science-math combination ranking; they do not do a ranking of 29 countries (developed or otherwise); and they do not rank the U.S. 25th in science or math.
We confirmed those points with Holly Xie, author of the Education Department summary.
PISA assesses science and math separately and it does so with two sets of rankings. One is for 34 industrialized countries and the other is for 65 entities -- 60 countries plus five other educational systems.
So how does the U.S. rank?
According to the Education Department summary:
- In science literacy, Finland ranked first and the U.S. essentially tied for 13th among the 34 industrialized countries (as its score was "not measurably different" from a number of other countries). However, if the actual scores are used, the U.S. ranked 17th. In the larger group of 65, Shanghai-China ranked first and the U.S. tied for 19th.
So, in science, the U.S. ranked in the top half of industrialized countries and even higher in the larger group.
- In math literacy, Korea ranked first and the U.S. essentially tied for 18th among the 34 industrialized countries. Again, the U.S. score was "not measurably different" from a number of other countries. However, if the actual scores are used, the U.S. was tied for 25th.
In the larger group of 65, Shanghai-China ranked first and the U.S. tied for 24th.
So, in math, the U.S. ranked in the lower half of industrialized countries and much better in the larger group.
Kleefisch said U.S. students "are achieving at number 25 out of 29 developing countries when it comes to science and math." We assume she meant "developed" rather than "developing" countries. But her point was that U.S. students ranked near the bottom in science and math.
The test results cited, however, do not include a science-math combination ranking. What they show is the U.S. ranks in the top half of industrialized countries in science; in math, it’s in the lower half, but not near the bottom.
Indeed, after we requested additional information from GE, the company told us Feb. 4, 2011, that it erred in saying the U.S. ranks 25th of 29 countries in science and math.
We rate Kleefisch’s statement False.
RebeccaForReal.com, GE Foundation to support MPS, Jan. 26, 2011
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, MPS awarded $20 million grant, Jan. 19, 2011
WTMJ-TV, GE Foundation gives $20 million grant to MPS, Jan. 19, 2011
OnMilwaukee.com, GE Foundation gives MPS $20.4 million, Jan. 19, 2011
General Electric Co. news release, Jan. 19, 2011
JSOnline.com, International test results reignite ‘how do we compare’ game, Dec. 8, 2010
U.S. Department of Education, Highlights from PISA 2009, December 2010
E-mail interview, U.S. Department of Education project officer/statistician Holly Xie, Feb. 3, 2011
E-mail interview, General Electric Co. spokesman Frank Mantero, Feb. 3, 2011
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