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A law that would have given registered Delaware voters the ability to cast a ballot by mail for any reason was recently struck down by the state’s Supreme Court.
Absentee voting by mail is allowed when registered voters are unable to vote in person at their polling places on Election Day for specific reasons, per the state constitution.
A law that would have granted registered Delaware voters the right to vote by mail for any reason was struck down by the state’s Supreme Court on Oct. 7.
But that doesn’t mean no one in Delaware will be allowed to vote by mail. Voters can still use absentee ballots under certain circumstances, and those can be returned by mail.
That distinction didn’t stop some social media users from suggesting that the Supreme Court’s ruling outlawed all voting by mail.
"I’m so, so proud of my employee Nick Miles for suing the state of Delaware to ban mail in voting — and winning," conservative media personality and former Jan. 6 defendant Brandon Straka wrote on Facebook on Oct. 7. "And now, after Democrats appealed the decision, the DE Supreme Court supported Nick’s win!!"
He concluded: "Mail i(n) voting is now BANNED in Biden’s state!"
This post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Meta, which owns Facebook and Instagram.)
Straka’s post overstates the impact of the Delaware Supreme Court’s recent ruling.
The confusion stems from the phrase "mail-in voting" having been used broadly in elections discourse to refer to any voting method in which a voter is mailed a ballot and can return that ballot to election officials by mail.
Delaware law refers to "absentee voting," which is permitted only for people with specific excuses. A new law that would have allowed broader voting by mail for any voter was recently struck down by the state's Supreme Court.
Delaware’s Constitution says absentee voting is permitted when registered voters are unable to vote in person at their polling places on Election Day for specific reasons, such as:
Being in public service to the United States or Delaware;
Being in "the business or occupation of providing care" to a parent, spouse or child who requires constant care;
Being a student;
Having an illness or physical disability;
Being on vacation;
Or being unable to vote at a certain time or on a certain day for religious reasons.
Delaware residents can vote absentee either by mail or in person at the Department of Elections office in their county, according to the department’s website.
Absentee voting — including absentee voting by mail — will still be allowed in the upcoming November midterm election.
In 2020, when Delaware temporarily expanded its vote-by-mail system in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, more than 180,000 voters requested vote-by-mail or absentee ballots, Delaware Public Media reported. Before the pandemic, "just a few thousand people" voted absentee or by mail in Delaware’s 2016 state primary election.
In June, the state’s Democratic-controlled legislature passed a law that would have enabled all registered voters to cast a ballot by mail for any reason, if they had completed an application for a vote-by-mail ballot and mailed or delivered it to the Department of Elections.
Democrats argued that expanding mail-in voting options would increase voter participation. Those opposing the law, including many Republicans, argued that the law violated constitutional restrictions on absentee voting.
The same day that Gov. John Carney, a Democrat, signed the vote-by-mail bill, Republicans sued, challenging the law’s constitutionality. Straka’s Facebook post referenced this legal challenge.
On Oct. 7, the Delaware Supreme Court ruled the vote-by-mail law unconstitutional.
In a three-page order, the Supreme Court agreed with a lower court that "the vote-by-mail statute impermissibly expands the categories of absentee voters identified" in the state constitution.
As a result, Delaware’s Department of Elections’ site said that "no vote by mail ballots have been or will be mailed out for the 2022 general election."
The department said every voter who submitted an application requesting a vote-by-mail ballot for the 2022 general election was mailed a letter. It explained that the Supreme Court’s ruling prohibited the expansion of mail-in voting.
"What this means is that you will not receive a Vote by Mail Ballot from the Department of Elections for the 2022 General Election," read the letter. Instead, it said, people must vote one of three ways:
By absentee ballot — if they are eligible;
By early in-person voting, which is available from Oct. 28 to Nov. 6;
Or by voting in person on Nov. 8, Election Day.
Some people will be allowed to vote absentee by mail.
The Department of Elections’ website emphasized that the Supreme Court ruling had no bearing on absentee voting provisions — including mailed absentee ballots.
"Attention voters," read a large-type message on the site. "Absentee voting is unaffected by the Delaware Supreme Court ruling!"
Screenshot of Delaware’s Department of Elections vote-by-mail webpage. (Delaware Department of Elections)
Claire Snyder-Hall, the executive director of Common Cause Delaware, said that yes, the Supreme Court had ruled the vote-by-mail legislation unconstitutional, which means that the right to vote by mail for any reason was banned in Delaware.
But those who qualify to vote absentee — meaning voters with one of the listed excuses — "can vote via the mail," she said.
Facebook post, Oct. 7, 2022
Delaware Public Media, Delaware's Supreme Court tosses out vote-by-mail and same day registration, Oct. 7, 2022
Delaware Online, Delaware Supreme Court finds vote by mail, same-day registration unconstitutional, Oct. 7, 2022
State of Delaware Department of Elections, Vote by mail not permitted, accessed Oct. 12, 2022
State of Delaware Department of Elections, Vote by Mail letter, Oct. 7, 2022
Department of Elections, Absentee voting, accessed Oct. 12, 2022
Delaware General Assembly, Senate Bill 320, accessed Oct. 13, 2022
Email interview with Claire Snyder-Hall, executive director of Common Cause Delaware, Oct. 13, 2022
Email interview with Dwayne J. Bensing, legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Delaware, Oct. 13, 2022
Delaware Department of Elections, Request for an absentee ballot for primary, general and/or special elections, accessed Oct. 13, 2022
The Washington Post, Delaware justices nix vote-by-mail, same-day registration, Oct. 7, 2022
The Associated Press, Delaware justices nix vote-by-mail, same-day registration, Oct. 7, 2022
WDEL.com, Mail-in voting, same day registration signed into law in Delaware, July 24, 2022
Delaware Public Media, Carney signs election reform bills, both face GOP legal challenge, July 22, 2022
Delaware Online, Changes in voting laws expected to boost turnout in Delaware, Aug. 23, 2022
The Delaware Code online, Article V. Elections, accessed Oct. 13, 2022
Delaware Online, Is vote by mail constitutional? As election looms, the Delaware Supreme Court will decide, Oct. 7, 2022
Democracy Docket, Delaware voting reforms challenge, accessed Oct. 7, 2022
Delaware Supreme Court order Oct. 7, 2022
NPR, A judge unleashed a tirade on a prominent Jan. 6 defendant for his post-plea comments, Aug. 4, 2022
Delaware Public Media, Vote-by-mail in Delaware: How we got here, Oct. 9, 2020
Delaware Public Media, High percentage of Delawareans voting by mail have sent in their ballots, Oct. 27, 2020
The Center for Public Integrity, Judge blocks Delaware’s move to no-excuse vote by mail, Oct. 6, 2022