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- Milwaukee County Executive Chris Abele signed a resolution on May 20, 2019 declaring racism a public health crisis.
- Milwaukee Common Council passed its resolution July 30, 2019.
- Cities and counties across the country are beginning to follow suit.
The death of George Floyd, a Black man, at the hands of Minneapolis police has once again brought the issue of racism to the forefront of global discussion.
In Milwaukee, as in other cities across Wisconsin and the nation, protesters have called for an end to police brutality and discrimination.
In a June 14, 2020 interview on WISN-TV’s ‘UPFRONT’ with Adrienne Pedersen, Milwaukee health commissioner Jeanette Kowalik commented on some things the city has done to address racism. When she did, she included this tidbit that might have surprised some viewers:
"Our health department, our city and our county declared racism as a public health crisis last year."
Let’s take a closer look.
When asked to back up her claim, Kowalik pointed to a Common Council resolution adopted July 30, 2019 that says "racism is a public health crisis affecting the entire society."
The resolution commits the city to take action toward "achieving racial equity" and suggests efforts to "address public health disparities due to racial inequities." It was signed Aug. 8, 2019 by Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett.
The resolution notes that, at the time, the Wisconsin Public Health Association, as well as 24 cities, counties and states in the U.S., had declared racism to be a public health crisis.
A May 28, 2019 CBS News report says Milwaukee was the first city in the United States to declare racism a public health crisis. But that report likely meant to refer to Milwaukee County, which passed its declaration of racism as a public health crisis on May 20, 2019.
At the time, then-Milwaukee County Executive Chris Abele said the resolution was about making a public commitment to taking action. He said every decision across the county should be framed in terms of how to make a difference addressing disparities.
That covers the city and the county.
As for the Health Department, Kowalik cited a May 16, 2019 letter she sent to the Common Council that described racism as a public health crisis.
Dr. David Pate, chair of the school of social work at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, called the declaration "very significant," particularly for Milwaukee, which has repeatedly been cited as one of the most segregated metro areas in the U.S.
Pate said one of the main ideas of looking at racism as a public health issue was to first look at "improving access to health" by categories like race and gender. He noted that Milwaukee has one of the highest Black mortality rates in the country.
White people live an average of 14 years longer than Black people in the city, according to a ProPublica article. And these disparities begin at birth.
The Black infant mortality rate in Milwaukee was 18.4 deaths per 1,000 births in 2017. The U.S. infant mortality rate for white babies is 4.95 and 11.1 for Black babies.
Pate told PolitiFact Wisconsin that Floyd’s death has people aware of "the idea that there are some issues that we have not dealt with that are systemic." The coronavirus pandemic has highlighted some of these disparities — the virus has disproportionately impacted Black populations.
On June 8, 2020, in the wake of the Floyd protests, the Denver city council declared racism a public health crisis. Boston Mayor Marty Walsh made the same decision four days later.
The list goes on, as more cities follow the lead of Milwaukee County and the city of Milwaukee.
Kowalik said "Our health department, our city and our county declared racism as a public health crisis last year."
All three bodies did make such a declaration, putting them at the forefront of something that has picked up steam nationwide in the months since.
We rate this claim True.
WISN-TV, 'UPFRONT' recap: Wisconsin lawmakers debate Justice in Policing Act, June 14, 2020
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, MKE County Exec signs resolution, May 20, 2019
CBS News, MKE first to declare racism crisis, May 28, 2019
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, MKE most segregated city, Jan. 8, 2019
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Black infants die at a high rate in Milwaukee, May 9, 2019
The Denver Channel, City Council declares racism health crisis, June 8, 2020
The Guardian, ‘Long overdue’: lawmakers declare racism a public health emergency, June 12, 2020
Boston Health Commission, Mayor Walsh Declares Racism a Public Health Crisis, June 12, 2020
Jeanette Kowalik, Letter to MKE Common Council, May 16, 2019
ProPublica, Early Data Shows African Americans Have Contracted and Died of Coronavirus at an Alarming Rate, April 3, 2020
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