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Democrats after the El Paso shooting renewed their criticism that the Trump administration hasn’t done enough about the threat of white nationalism.
"The Trump administration cut funding allocated to the Department of Homeland Security to combat white nationalism," South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg wrote Aug. 5 in a Medium post. "We must do more than simply reinstate that funding — we must dedicate $1 billion to ensure that law enforcement across all agencies and all levels have sufficient resources to counter the growing tide of white nationalist violence."
Buttigieg was referring to an Obama era grant program called Countering Violent Extremism. One group founded by former white supremacists and neo-Nazis, Life After Hate, was slated to receive money under the grant but the offer was rescinded under Trump, Buttigieg said.
But there is more to the broader story than what Buttigieg described.
"The picture is more nuanced than, ‘The Obama administration was going after white supremacists and the Trump administration stopped it,’" Faiza Patel, co-director of the Brennan Center's Liberty and National Security Program, previously told PolitiFact. "Neither went after white supremacists."
We previously rated a similar claim by Sen. Cory Booker Mostly False. Buttigieg’s wording isn’t as problematic as was Booker's, which referenced the wrong department and used stronger language, but it is still imprecise.
The Countering Violent Extremism program was launched during the Obama administration to work with local leaders to deter U.S. residents from joining violent extremist groups.
In the final days of Obama’s tenure, the Homeland Security department announced 31 groups would be awarded a total of $10 million in grants.
Some of the awardees named under Obama had dropped out, citing fears of anti-Muslim bias under Trump.
But Buttigieg’s campaign zeroed in on one group whose $400,000 grant was rescinded: Life After Hate. (Read about another rescinded grant to the University of North Carolina that we covered in a different fact-check. UNC’s application said it would target extremist messaging including by jihadists but it also mentioned that it had expertise in white supremacists.)
In its application, Life After Hate didn’t single out white nationalists — though the group works to help people who want to leave racism or violent extremism behind.
The application stated the group would work with others to engage online with "supporters and sympathizers of far-right extremism and jihadism." Far-right extremism isn’t the same as white nationalism, although some people use the terms interchangeably.
"We used the term ‘violent far-right extremism,’ which would include the more euphemistic ‘white nationalism,’" Life After Hate’s spokesman told us.
Here’s what we know about why their application was rescinded under Trump.
Homeland Security spokespersons said applicants were rejected because they didn’t meet new criteria like working with law enforcement — not because of their interest in combating white supremacy.
Trump faced criticism that the grant program was too focused on Muslims. (Nearly all of the accepted projects were centered around working with Muslims or immigrants.) But the Obama administration faced the same critique, including from the liberal Brennan Center.
Buttigieg said the Trump administration "cut" funding for Countering Violent Extremism, but there’s more to that, too. It was a two-year grant program that expired in July 2019. The administration did not seek to renew it.
Brian Jackson, a researcher at the RAND Corporation who co-wrote a 2019 report for Homeland Security on terrorism prevention, said reupping the grant program would require action by both the administration and Congress.
In a House committee hearing on white supremacy in June, a homeland security assistant secretary seemed to leave open the door to potential future funding.
"We are evaluating and assessing future requests for funding associated with that," said the DHS official, Elizabeth Neumann, about Countering Violent Extremism grants.
The program was located within the Office of Community Partnerships in the Obama administration. That office is now the Office of Targeted Violence and Terrorism Prevention, which aims to address all forms of domestic and international terrorism.
George Selim, the former director of the Office for Community Partnerships, has said his office once had a budget of $21 million and 16 staff. Selim, who now works for the Anti-Defamation League, said the office has since been cut to a nearly $3 million budget based off a DHS 2020 budget justification document. Congress has not yet finished appropriations bills for 2020, so we don’t yet know what the office’s budget will be.
Finally, the Buttigieg campaign also pointed to an April article in the Daily Beast that reported that the department disbanded a group of intelligence analysts who were focused on domestic terrorism. A DHS official told the Daily Beast that the same people were working on the same issues as part of a restructuring.
The Trump administration defended its strategy on terrorism, as released in October 2018. It states that the country faces threats from domestic terrorists motivated by various ideologies including "racially motivated extremism."
Buttigieg said, "The Trump Administration cut funding allocated to the Department of Homeland Security to combat white nationalism."
He points to the $10 million Countering Violent Extremism grant program, which was launched under Obama and not renewed under President Trump. It was meant to last for two years. When it expired in July 2019, Trump did not renew it. That’s not exactly the same as a "cut."
However, a group that was slated to get a grant under Obama, Life After Hate, had its grant rescinded under the Trump administration while the program was going on. The group was one of the only ones with expertise on white nationalism. Overall, most of the grant proposals were focused on Muslims or immigrants, and not white nationalists.
Buttigieg left out part of the story.
We rate this statement Half True.
Pete Buttigieg on Medium, An Action Plan to Combat the National Threat Posed by Hate and the Gun Lobby, Aug. 5, 2019
Assistant DHS secretary Elizabeth Neumann, Written testimony and testimony before the House committee on oversight reform, June 4, 2019
FBI director Christopher Wray, Statement Before the Senate Judiciary Committee Washington, D.C., July 23, 2019
Washington Post, Wray says FBI has recorded about 100 domestic terrorism arrests in fiscal 2019 and many investigations involve white supremacy, July 23, 2019
USA Today op ed by Anti-Defamation League’s George Selim, White supremacist threat keeps rising; But Trump is weakening fight against it, April 26, 2019
CNN, Shootings highlight critical gaps in stopping domestic terrorism, Aug. 4, 2019
Obama White House, Fact sheet, Feb. 18, 2015
Trump White House, National Strategy for Counterterrorism, October 2018
U.S. Department of Justice, Countering Violent Extremism Task Force Fact Sheet, Jan. 8, 2016
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Statement by Secretary Jeh Johnson Announcing First Round of DHS's Countering Violent Extremism Grants, Jan. 13, 2017
RAND, Practical Terrorism Prevention, 2019
Reuters, White House budget slashes 'countering violent extremism' grants, May 23, 2017
Star Tribune, Anti-terror recruiting project awards grants to 6 Somali-American groups, March 11, 2016
Pacific Standard, An alternative approach to preventing extremist violence, March 4, 2019
Brennan Center for Justice at New York University school of law, CVE resource page, Last updated October 2018
The Atlantic, Trump Shut Programs to Counter Violent Extremism, Oct. 29, 2018
NBC News, Trump admin will apparently not renew program to fight domestic terror, Oct. 31, 2018
Chico Enterprise Record, Is Trump administrationfocusing on Islam and ignoring neo-Nazis? July 9, 2017
The Atlantic, Trump Hobbled Efforts to Counter Violent Extremism, Oct. 29, 2018
The Hill, Trump cuts funds to fight anti-right wing violence, Aug. 14, 2017
New York Times, U.S. Law Enforcement Failed to See the Threat of White Nationalism, Nov. 3, 2018
CNN, Domestic terrorism programs would be cut under Trump, Nov. 1, 2017
CNN, DHS shifts focus of funding to counter violent extremism, July 4, 2017
Heritage Foundation, Building an Effective Approach to Terrorism Prevention, Feb. 14, 2019
Foreign Policy, Terrorism, You Get What You Pay For, Nov. 1, 2018
PolitiFact, Donald Trump doesn’t think white nationalism is on the rise. Data show otherwise, March 20, 2019
Life After Hate, Life After Hate to Congress: "White supremacist ideology inevitably expresses itself in murder," June 5, 2019
Business Insider, Trump condemned 'white supremacy' after the El Paso shooting, but his administration has made it harder to fight, Aug. 6, 2019
NPR, A Former Neo-Nazi Explains Why Hate Drew Him In — And How He Got Out, Jan. 18, 2018
Statement from the White House, Aug. 9, 2019
Interview, Sean Savett, Pete Buttigieg campaign spokesman, Aug. 6, 2019
Interview, Faiza Patel, co-director of the Brennan Center's Liberty and National Security Program, Aug. 6, 2019
Interview, Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, CEO of Valens Global consulting firm and a senior advisor to the director of the Office of Community Partnerships, which oversaw the CVE program, under both Obama and Trump, Aug. 6, 2019
Interview, Dimitrios Kalantzis, Life After Hate spokesman, Aug. 6, 2019
Interview, Ryan Greer, Director for Program Assessment and Strategy at the Anti-Defamation League and formerly worked at the Department of Homeland Security, Aug. 6 2019
Interview, Brian Jackson,a homeland security researcher at the RAND Corporation who co-wrote a report for Homeland Security on terrorism prevention.Aug. 6, 2019
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