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On April 4, 2014, the day after his announcement, Grothman was asked why he is running for the seat, which represents a district in eastern Wisconsin that is north of Milwaukee and Madison.
He blamed Republicans.
"Like a lot of people, I am frustrated with what’s going on in Washington. I’m not frustrated with the gridlock as much as frustrated with our national Republicans," Grothman told Jay Weber, a conservative radio talk show host on WISN-AM (1130) in Milwaukee.
"I mean, in a lot of ways, I think the country is in deep trouble. And it’s not just a bad economy or the huge amount of debt. You have, I think, kind of social ills that have been encouraged by bad federal policies. And I’m thinking about the out-of-control entitlements that have led to a complete breakdown of the family and so many segments of society.
"The Republicans, I don’t think, are doing enough to articulate the size of the problem," Grothman continued, before uttering the claim we decided to check.
"And when the Republicans were last in control – from like 2001 to 2007, when they had the president, the House and the Senate – they really only made matters worse. During that time, the number of people on food stamps, the number of people in low-income housing went through the roof."
So, let’s see if there was huge growth in food stamps and low-income housing during the period Grothman cites and, if so, whether the GOP was responsible.
As Grothman indicated, Republicans were mostly in control in Washington from 2001 to 2007, with George W. Bush in the White House and GOP majorities in the House. But in the Senate, Democrats held a 51-49 majority for about a year and a half during that period.
The power shift occurred in June 2001 after Vermont Sen. James Jeffords left the GOP, became an independent and caucused with the Democrats.
The 51-49 edge went back to the GOP in mid-November 2002 when Republican James Talent won a Senate seat in Missouri. Republicans maintained control through the 2005-’07 congressional session (Democrats retook the Senate in the 2007-’09 Congress.)
Now to the two parts of Grothman’s claim.
U.S. Department of Agriculture figures show the average number of food stamp recipients increased in each year between 2001 and 2006, before edging downward in 2007.
2001: 17.3 million
2002: 19.1 million
2003: 21.3 million
2004: 23.8 million
2005: 25.6 million
2006: 26.5 million
2007: 26.3 million
The number of people on food stamps was 52 percent higher in 2007 than it was in 2001.
And that came after a six-year span, from 1995 to 2001, when the number of food stamp recipients declined by 35 percent.
Changes in policy were important in the increase during the 2001-’07 period Grothman cited.
In rating as True a claim that food stamp spending doubled under Bush and doubled again under President Barack Obama, PolitiFact National found that lawmakers in 2002 had rolled back some food stamp eligibility restrictions. And a Bush adviser told our colleagues the administration’s goal at the time was to expand food programs for low-income working families and make it easier for states to administer the program and get more eligible people signed up.
Michael Tanner of the libertarian Cato Institute and Stacy Dean of the liberal Center on Budget and Policy Priorities told us the economy and Bush policies were factors. Tanner put more weight on the policies, while Dean cited both factors.
So, there’s evidence to back the first part of Grothman’s claim.
When we asked for evidence on the second part of the claim, Grothman admitted he didn’t have figures on the number of people living in low-income housing, but assumed the number had increased because more tax credits were made available to developers of low-income housing units.
More specifically, Congress in 2001 increased by 40 percent -- from $1.25 to $1.75 per person -- and indexed to inflation a tax credit that states could allocate towards funding low-income housing.
But Grothman’s statement was much broader than one specific program. He said that the number of people living in low-income housing -- not just those benefitting from one particular program -- was way up. So that’s how we’re evaluating that part of his claim.
Figures from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development count the number of people living in all types of HUD-subsidized housing, including those in units built with low-income tax credits as well as in units covered by the rent-subsidy Section 8 program and other programs.
The number rose from 8.49 million in 2000 to 9.39 million in 2007. The 2007 figure is 10.6 percent higher. That’s not a staggering increase, but it certainly is a significant one.
Barbara Sard, vice president for housing policy at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, said much of the increase was due to an increase in subsidized-housing vouchers authorized by Congress from 1999 to 2001 (when the GOP controlled both chambers and Democrat Bill Clinton was president).
The Cato Institute’s Mark Calabria, a staff member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs during about half the period Grothman cited, noted the tax credit expansion that Grothman cited. He also said the Bush administration added more housing vouchers and congressional Republicans didn’t move to curtail spending on housing assistance.
Grothman said that when Republicans last controlled the presidency and Congress, from roughly 2001 to 2007, "the number of people on food stamps (and) the number of people in low-income housing went through the roof."
After having declined for a number of years, the number of people receiving food stamps increased 52 percent during the period, as the Bush administration and Congress widened eligibility and encouraged more eligible people to apply. The increase in people living in low-income housing was more modest, but still significant.
We rate Grothman’s claim Mostly True.
WISN-AM, Jay Weber interview of state Sen. Glenn Grothman, April 4, 2014
Interview, state Sen. Glenn Grothman, April 4, 2014
U.S. House of Representatives, "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives, 1789-Present"
U.S. Senate, "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present"
U.S. Senate, "The Unforgettable 107th Congress," Nov. 22, 2002
U.S. Department of Agriculture, "Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation and Costs," April 4, 2014
U.S. Departmental of Housing and Urban Development, "Assisted Housing: National and Local"
Associated Press, "Jeffords leaves Republican Party," May 24, 2001
New York Times, "The 2002 elections," Nov. 6, 2002
Interview, Cato Institute senior fellow Michael Tanner, April 7, 2014
Interview, Cato Institute director of financial regulation and former senior professional staff member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Mark Calabria, April 8, 2014
PolitiFact National, "Rep. Tom Cole says food stamp spending doubled under Bush, doubled again under Obama," July 19, 2013
Email interview, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities vice president for housing policy Barbara Sard, April 7, 2014
Email interview, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities vice president for food assistance policy Stacy Dean, April 7, 2014
Email interview, U.S. Rep. Tom Petri communications director Lee Brooks, April 8, 2014
Email interview, U.S. Census Bureau spokesman Robert Bernstein, April 8, 2014
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